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THE RSA GOVERNMENT CURRENTLY PROVIDES THE FOLLOWING GRANTS FOR CHILDREN

"The right not to live in poverty is a basic human right."
In South Africa:-
  • There are about 5,1 million poor children under 7.
  • The child support grant targets 3 million.
  • 1 out of 10 gets the grant.
  • Women carry the cost.
  • For more information about the child support grant call 080-060-1011
From a poster by the Gender Advocacy Programme
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From page 2: FACT SHEET. Social Assistance Provisioning for Children in South Africa.
Prepared by The Children's Institute, UCT Aug 2001

The Child Support Grant (CSG)

The CSG is for children 0-7 years, living in poverty. It is means-tested.

In Jan 2001 approximately 700 000 children were receiving the CSG (=7% of ALL poor children, and 33% of targeted children).

Amount = R140

Required documents:

  • 13 digit Identity Number in respect of the child (birth certificate or ID)
  • Barcoded ID of Care-giver
  • Proof of income & assets, or affidavit that unemployed, for care-giver.
  • Application forms from Welfare offices.

The Care Dependency Grant (CDG)

The CDG is for children with severe disabilities requiring and receiving permanent home care, 1-18 years.

In Jan 2001, approximately 30 000 children were receiving the CDG (approx 25% of eligible children).

Amount = R570.

Documents required for the CDG

  • 13 digit Identity Number in respect of the child (birth certificate or ID)
  • Barcoded ID of parent / foster parent
  • Medical forms (from State Medical Officer).
  • Proof of income & assets, or affidavit that unemployed, for parent / foster parent.
  • Application forms from Welfare offices.

The Foster Child Grant (FCG)

The FCG is for children legally placed in foster homes by the Court.

In Jan 2001, approximately 52 000 children were receiving the FCG.

Amount = R410.

Documents required for the FCG:

  • 13 digit Identity Number in respect of the child (birth certificate or ID).
  • Barcoded ID of Foster parent.
  • Court order.
  • Proof of income, if any, of CHILD. No means-test for foster parent.
  • Application forms from Welfare offices.
  • Proof of child´s school attendance.

Limitations and Gaps in the Current Social Security System

The current social security system is fragmented and is non-comprehensive, with many groups of children falling through the gaps. Poor children between the ages of seven and eighteen are not catered for, nor children with moderate disabilities or those infected by HIV/ AIDS. Many other children cannot access the grants, such as street children and child-headed households. The current Child Support grant amount of R110 is inadequate to cater for a child's basic needs, while the Care Dependency Grant has problems due to lack of clear definitions of 'disability' and 'permanent home care'. The Foster Child Grant is not accessible to the many extended family members who are informally caring for orphaned children. Generally, social security is limited to cash transfers, and does not incorporate a range of other possibilities, such as free services (health, education, transport). There are administrative problems with all the grants.

Recommendations

The Alliance for Children's Entitlement to Social Security (ACESS) is calling for immediate improvements and extensions to the existing grants, such as universal provision of the CSG to children up to 18 years and the CDG to children with moderate disabilities, chronic illnesses and HIV infection, ACCESS is also calling for long-term recommendations, such as a basic income support for all persons in South Africa, with additional amounts to meet children's special needs.

From page 2: FACT SHEET. Social Assistance Provisioning for Children in South Africa.
Prepared by The Children's Institute, UCT Aug 2001

For more information please contact:
'Teresa Guthrie' 021-685-4053 Children's Institute, UCT
<E-mail>


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